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Thursday, October 29, 2009 – modify docx OpenOfficeXML – using content controls

This took me a while to work out, but finally I got it to work.

The Open Office XML documents utilised by Microsoft in Office 2007 are actually zip files that package a number of folders and documents. So to edit these files you need to be able access the contents.

Microsoft provides an SDK for this purpose there is a version 1 and a version 2 (in CTP, at the time of this article). – version 1 – version 2

I downloaded version 2.

I built a simple website, added a reference the .net open xml sdk and created the following page and code behind.

Reference to the open xml sdkimage


aspx page


<%@ Page Language="VB" AutoEventWireup="false" CodeFile="createWordDocTest.aspx.vb" Inherits="createWordDocTest" %>
<!DOCTYPE html PUBLIC "-//W3C//DTD XHTML 1.0 Transitional//EN" "">
<html xmlns="">
<head runat="server">
    <form id="form1" runat="server">
    <asp:Button ID="Button1" runat="server" onclick="Button1_Click" Text="Click to write to word" />

code behind

Imports System.IO
Imports System.Xml
Imports DocumentFormat.OpenXml
Imports DocumentFormat.OpenXml.Packaging
Imports DocumentFormat.OpenXml.Wordprocessing
Partial Class createWordDocTest
    Inherits System.Web.UI.Page
    Protected Sub ReplaceCustomXML(ByVal fileName As String, ByVal customXML As String)
        Using wordDoc As WordprocessingDocument = WordprocessingDocument.Open(fileName, True)
            Dim mainPart As MainDocumentPart = wordDoc.MainDocumentPart
            mainPart.DeleteParts(Of CustomXmlPart)(mainPart.CustomXmlParts)
            'Add a new customXML part and then add content
            Dim customXmlPart As CustomXmlPart = mainPart.AddNewPart(Of CustomXmlPart)()
            'copy the XML into the new part...
            Using ts As New StreamWriter(customXmlPart.GetStream())
            End Using
        End Using
    End Sub
    Protected Sub Button1_Click(ByVal sender As Object, ByVal e As EventArgs)
        Dim strPath As String = "c:\temp"
        Dim strtemplate As String = strPath & "\" & "inputDoc.docx"
        Dim strNewFile As String = strPath & "\outputDoc.docx"
        If System.IO.File.Exists(strtemplate) = True Then
            If System.IO.File.Exists(strNewFile) = True Then
            End If
            System.IO.File.Copy(strtemplate, strNewFile)
            Dim xmlDoc As New XmlDocument()
            Dim customXML As String = "<root><CustomerName></CustomerName></root>"
            Dim xmlnode As XmlNodeList = xmlDoc.GetElementsByTagName("CustomerName")
            xmlnode(0).InnerText = "What ever you want to insert"
            customXML = xmlDoc.InnerXml.ToString
            ReplaceCustomXML(strNewFile, customXML)
            Dim doc As WordprocessingDocument = WordprocessingDocument.Open(strNewFile, True)
            Dim mainPart As MainDocumentPart = doc.MainDocumentPart
        End If
    End Sub
End Class

OK, there is still work to do. We are going to use a template document to house a content control which we will find and change the contents of, via a binding with some customXML . The mechanism here is that you will place a content control on the document, then creation a reference (or binding) to a custom XML entity. To change the content control content you will change the custom XML programmatically (via the asp page) and this will change the content control due to the binding.

OK, create a blank document called inputDoc.docx. Now in the ribbon go to the developer tab. (If the tab is not visible go here And insert a plain text control.


with the new control inserted…


click on properties in the developer tab…


click on properties in the developer 


With the control properties dialog up, enter CustomerName into the Title and Tag fields. Click OK.

So we have now setup our control. Now we need to create the customXML and the relationship between the customXML and the control. Save the document into your c:\temp folder (or to the folder of your choice (remember you will need to modify the example code above)) and save it as “inputDoc.docx”.

Now this can be done manually by going into the docX package creating files in folders and blah blah blah…. However there is an easier way (and I like easy…)

The Word 2007 Content Control Toolkit, you can get it here

Once you have downloaded and installed, fire up the program, and open your document, you see something like this


Now we are going to create some custom XML part and bind it to the control. In the bind view on the right, click on the create a new custom XML part, and then click on edit view tab. You should see 



Now change this to






Go to the  bind View tab. Click on the CustomerName entry in the tree, Now select and drag it to the left pane (Content Controls) and over the control you want to create a relationship (in our case the tag CustomerName).

With that done, click save and close the program.

OK, thats it. Fire up your web page and click the button. You should hopefully find that a document called outputDoc.docx has been created alongside inputDoc.docx and has the contents of the control changed to new values.

Note: CustomXML is not supported in the office 2003 compatibility pack so if you are expecting to use this method with some office 2003 users then don’t as it will not work. I found this out to my own annoyance after getting it to work!…




Wednesday, October 14, 2009

ASP.Net - Session Detection and Timeout in masterpages (

I have spent some time tracking down and implementing a solution to detect if a session exists for a user and if so wether it has timed out. If either is true a redirection occurs to the homepage.

I found an article on this that I reference here, I have modified it slightly to accommodate master pages but in essence it is the same. I recommend you read this article as it gives a lot of in depth explanation about its function that I won’t do here.

Now in the above article it talks about creating a custom base page class that inherits from the System.Web.UI.Page class that all pages (aspx) inherit from normally. If you use this method you would have to change any existing pages to inherit from this new custom class. I had a few pages and did not really want to have to do this so I modified the above example to utilise the masterpage that I was using throughout my site.

Create a class file in your App_Code folder called BaseMasterPage.

Imports Microsoft.VisualBasic
Public Class BaseMasterPage
    Inherits System.Web.UI.MasterPage
    Protected Overloads Overrides Sub OnInit(ByVal e As EventArgs)
        If Context.Session IsNot Nothing Then
            If Session.IsNewSession Then
                Dim szCookieHeader As String = Request.Headers("Cookie")
                If (szCookieHeader IsNot Nothing) AndAlso (szCookieHeader.IndexOf("ASP.NET_SessionId") >= 0) Then
                    'The session appears to have timedout, show message to that effect
                    'The page below sessionTimeout.aspx, display message then redirects using a meta refresh.
                    'redirect straight to front page if not timeout. This will capture if someone is trying to jump into the site
                End If
            End If
        End If
    End Sub
End Class

Open your codebehind masterPage file (e.g. Masterpage.master.vb) and change the following line from

Inherits System.Web.UI.MasterPage


Inherits BaseMasterPage

This means your masterpage is now inheriting from your custom class and not the default.

Create a sessionTimeOut page (does not have to an aspx can be straight html) but include the following in the head section, this will redirect the page after a set amount of time. Remember to also have a link to the page displayed incase the redirection fails for some reason.

<meta http-equiv="refresh" content="5;URL=/default.aspx">

if you are not redirected in 5 seconds please click

<a href="/defaults.aspx">here</a>

And that should be it. Now on any page that references the masterpage you will have a session check. It will check for a session startup event (without an existing session) and redirect to the homepage (or whatever page you decide). And also detect as session timeout and redirect to the homepage via a message.



Sunday, October 11, 2009

NeatUpload – Inline Progress Bar and ClientID

When I started using Neatupload, I wanted the progress bar to be displayed inline. The examples provided showed some JavaScript that enabled this, however in my application the controls displayed in the page were renamed by ASP (i.e. adding th ctl_…. prefixes), this then throughout the JavaScript.

note: Before looking at this you must be aware that to get this working you need to disable Sessionstate on the page. This is done in the first line of the aspx page

<%@ Page Title="" Language="VB" MasterPageFile="~/MasterPage.master" AutoEventWireup="false" CodeFile="MultipleFile.aspx.vb" Inherits="MultipleFile" EnableSessionState="false" %>

This may have consequences on your application, please review the NeatUpload manual for more informaiton. In my situation I had to recode my masterpagefile that was looking for session variables, I had to detect whether the session was valid, I include the VB code here for reference.

If Me.Context.Session IsNot Nothing Then
    Session("sPreviousURL") = Request.ServerVariables("HTTP_REFERER")
End If

Below I show the JavaScript code needed to enable the inline progress bar to be displayed. I believe this should work with all instances (i.e. in the demo.aspx, where the control ID remains the same as in the aspx page, and when the control is being renamed by

The hide/show progress bar script works by changing the style on a div tag that surrounds the iFrame in which the progress bar is display.

window.onload = function() {
    var inlineProgressBar = NeatUploadPB.prototype.Bars["<%= inlineProgressBar.ClientID %>"];
    var origDisplay = inlineProgressBar.Display;
    inlineProgressBar.Display = function() {
        var elem = document.getElementById(this.ClientID); = "block";;
    inlineProgressBar.EvalOnClose = "NeatUploadMainWindow.document.getElementById('" + inlineProgressBar.ClientID + "') = \"none\";";

Below I show the full aspx page, including the JavaScript.

<%@ Page Title="" Language="VB" MasterPageFile="~/MasterPage.master" AutoEventWireup="false" CodeFile="MultipleFile.aspx.vb" Inherits="MultipleFile" EnableSessionState="false" %>
<%@ Register TagPrefix="Upload" Namespace="Brettle.Web.NeatUpload" Assembly="Brettle.Web.NeatUpload" %>
<asp:Content ID="Home_CPH" ContentPlaceHolderID="ContentPlaceHolder1" Runat="Server">
    <script type="text/javascript">
            window.onload = function() {
            var inlineProgressBar = NeatUploadPB.prototype.Bars["<%= inlineProgressBar.ClientID %>"];
                var origDisplay = inlineProgressBar.Display;
                inlineProgressBar.Display = function() {
                    var elem = document.getElementById(this.ClientID);
           = "block";
                inlineProgressBar.EvalOnClose = "NeatUploadMainWindow.document.getElementById('"
		+ inlineProgressBar.ClientID + "') = \"none\";";
    <asp:UpdatePanel ID="UpdatePanel_Progress" runat="server" ChildrenAsTriggers="false" UpdateMode="Conditional">
           <asp:panel id="MultipleFileUploadform" runat="server"  visible="false">
                <Upload:MultiFile id="multiFileId" runat="server" UseFlashIfAvailable="true" FlashFilterExtensions="*.raw;*.wiff">
                    <input type="button" value="Pick Files..." class="Button" />
                <br />
                <asp:Button id="submitButtonId" runat="server" Text="Submit" class="Button"/>
                <input type="submit" value="Cancel" text="Cancel" class="Button"/>
            <div style="display:none;">
                <Upload:ProgressBar id="inlineProgressBar" runat="server" inline="true" style="width: 100%;" Triggers="submitButtonId"/>
        <asp:label id="ResultMsg" runat="server" Visible="False" ForeColor="#ff0033"></asp:label>


NeatUpload – Simple setup 2 (without GAC)

NeatUpload Manual available here.

In this posting I use NeatUpload without installing to the Global Assembly Cache. I did this as I thought initially that by installing into the GAC would mean I didnot have to add a project reference but apparently that is not the case. So now I copy the dll into the project/website and reference from there.

Etract the current neatupload zip file to any location.

Copy the dll


into your \<applicationRoot>\bin folder.

Now in VS go website\add reference. Browse to the dll and select.

Now copy the folder ….\NeatUpload-<version>\dotnet\app\NeatUpload into the root of your application. i.e. <applicationRoot>\NeatUpload

In the application root web.config the following needs to be added.

IN <configuration><configSections> add
<section name="neatUpload" type="Brettle.Web.NeatUpload.ConfigSectionHandler,Brettle.Web.NeatUpload"
                 allowLocation="true" />

IN <configuration> add

<neatUpload xmlns="" useHttpModule="true" />

The above two entries are really a holder at this stage, please review the manual for further options, but netupload can be configured by modifing this tag <neatUpload >.

IN <system.web><httpModules> add

<add name="UploadHttpModule" type="Brettle.Web.NeatUpload.UploadHttpModule,Brettle.Web.NeatUpload" />

IN <system.webServer><modules> add

<add name="UploadHttpModule" type="Brettle.Web.NeatUpload.UploadHttpModule,Brettle.Web.NeatUpload" preCondition="managedHandler"/>

With the above changes I was then able to create an aspx page with the following tags, this would then compile and allow me to add multiple files.

<%@ Register TagPrefix="Upload" Namespace="Brettle.Web.NeatUpload" Assembly="Brettle.Web.NeatUpload" %>

<Upload:MultiFile id="multiFileId" runat="server" UseFlashIfAvailable="true"/>


Thursday, October 08, 2009

Using NeatUpload – simple setup (with GAC)

NeatUpload Manual available here.

I using this to document what I did to get NeatUpload running in my environment. Mainly to ensure that I have a record the next time I want to use this great open source product. A lot of this is in the netupload manual, but I don’t all of it was, either way I am just documenting for future reference and it it helps anyone else out so much the better.

edit:- I made the assumption that when I was adding this to the GAC I would not have to reference the dll within my in VS. However this was a misunderstanding on my part, and even though the dll is in the GAC you will still have to add a reference in your VS application.

First thing download and extract the latest version.

Extract the archive.

Install the …\NeatUpload-1.3.18\dotnet\app\bin\Brettle.Web.NeatUpload.dll into the GAC (Global Assembly Cache). To view the GAC use windows explorer and type %WINDIR%/assembly.  You cannot just copy dlls into this folder….To install the dll use the GAC installation utility GACUtil.exe, I found this here C:\Program Files\Microsoft SDKs\Windows\v6.0A\Bin\x64, however it can be in other locations. use search to find.

GACUtil –i “dlllocation\dll”

Once the dll is installed in the GAC (and this will need to be done wherever you want to use the upload , i.e webserver etc…). View the GAC (as described above) and make note of the version number.


You will use this information to change all the references in the aspx pages to define full string names. i.e.


will now become


Now copy the folder ..\NeatUpload-1.3.18\dotnet\app\NeatUpload into the root of your application.

Now change all references in all apsx, ashx pages within the neatupload folder to full strong name references… i.e. in progress.aspx






In the application web.config the following needs to be added.

IN <configuration><configSections> add

       <section name="neatUpload" type="Brettle.Web.NeatUpload.ConfigSectionHandler,Brettle.Web.NeatUpload,Version=1.3.3519.18793,Culture=neutral,PublicKeyToken=C95290D92C5893C8"

                 allowLocation="true" />

IN <configuration> add

<neatUpload xmlns="" useHttpModule="true" />

The above two entries are really a holder at this stage, please review the manual for further options, but netupload can be configured by modifing this tag <neatUpload >.

IN <system.web><httpModules> add

<add name="UploadHttpModule" type="Brettle.Web.NeatUpload.UploadHttpModule,Brettle.Web.NeatUpload,Version=1.3.3519.18793,Culture=neutral,PublicKeyToken=C95290D92C5893C8" />

IN <system.webServer><modules> add

<add name="UploadHttpModule" type="Brettle.Web.NeatUpload.UploadHttpModule,Brettle.Web.NeatUpload,Version=1.3.3519.18793,Culture=neutral,PublicKeyToken=C95290D92C5893C8" preCondition="managedHandler"/>

With the above changes I was then able to create an aspx page with the following tags, this would then compile and allow me to add multiple files.

<%@ Register TagPrefix="Upload" Namespace="Brettle.Web.NeatUpload" Assembly="Brettle.Web.NeatUpload,Version=1.3.3519.18793,Culture=neutral,PublicKeyToken=C95290D92C5893C8" %>

       <Upload:MultiFile id="multiFileId" runat="server" UseFlashIfAvailable="true"/>


Wednesday, October 07, 2009 VB.Net access shared folder on computer not in domain

I had a web server that sat outside of a domain that needed to access a shared folder on a server within a domain. I didnot want to run the application in a domain user account, which would of been easier to setup, so I had to work out how to allow specific code to access the share.

My investigation led onto impersonation by using the winAPI function logonUser and also netUseAdd. Now as far as I can see NetUseAdd would be the more ideal solution but I am not a true developer and I could not find a good example of how to use this within in page. So I went the logonuser route.

Now there are a whole number of different options with logonUser and really you need to to understand the windows security model to fully understand all the options. I include some of the articles I found that helped me tie down what I need to do, here

Before delving into this I must state that I had to use mirrored accounts to get this working. This means that I had to create an identical user account on the separate web server to the account I wanted to use in the domain. (This goes back to my 2nd paragraph that states the netUseAdd would be ideal as this would of allowed me to not have to use impersonation and connect using the domain account and not use a mirrored account. If you know how to use netUseAdd from I love to know :o) ).

Now to get this working in my application I created a class, that contained the majority of the code in the MSDN article above (, the clas allows me to easy call on the code from any file.

File: App_code\UserImpersonation.vb

Imports Microsoft.VisualBasic
Imports System.Web
Imports System.Web.Security
Imports System.Security.Principal
Imports System.Runtime.InteropServices

Public Class UserImpersonation

    Const LOGON32_LOGON_BATCH = 4
    Const LOGON32_LOGON_UNLOCK = 7
    Const LOGON32_PROVIDER_WINNT35 = 1
    Const LOGON32_PROVIDER_WINNT40 = 2
    Const LOGON32_PROVIDER_WINNT50 = 3

    Dim impersonationContext As WindowsImpersonationContext

    Declare Function LogonUserA Lib "advapi32.dll" (ByVal lpszUsername As String, _
                            ByVal lpszDomain As String, _
                            ByVal lpszPassword As String, _
                            ByVal dwLogonType As Integer, _
                            ByVal dwLogonProvider As Integer, _
                            ByRef phToken As IntPtr) As Integer

    Declare Auto Function DuplicateToken Lib "advapi32.dll" ( _
                            ByVal ExistingTokenHandle As IntPtr, _
                            ByVal ImpersonationLevel As Integer, _
                            ByRef DuplicateTokenHandle As IntPtr) As Integer

    Declare Auto Function RevertToSelf Lib "advapi32.dll" () As Long
    Declare Auto Function CloseHandle Lib "kernel32.dll" (ByVal handle As IntPtr) As Long

    Public Function impersonateUser(ByVal userName As String, ByVal domain As String, ByVal password As String) As Boolean
        Return impersonateValidUser(userName, domain, password)
    End Function

    Public Sub undoimpersonateUser()
    End Sub

    Private Function impersonateValidUser(ByVal userName As String, ByVal domain As String, ByVal password As String) As Boolean

        Dim tempWindowsIdentity As WindowsIdentity
        Dim token As IntPtr = IntPtr.Zero
        Dim tokenDuplicate As IntPtr = IntPtr.Zero
        impersonateValidUser = False

        If RevertToSelf() Then
            If LogonUserA(userName, domain, password, LOGON32_LOGON_NEW_CREDENTIALS, LOGON32_PROVIDER_WINNT50, token) <> 0 Then
                If DuplicateToken(token, 2, tokenDuplicate) <> 0 Then
                    tempWindowsIdentity = New WindowsIdentity(tokenDuplicate)
                    impersonationContext = tempWindowsIdentity.Impersonate()
                    If Not impersonationContext Is Nothing Then
                        impersonateValidUser = True
                    End If
                End If
            End If
        End If
        If Not tokenDuplicate.Equals(IntPtr.Zero) Then
        End If
        If Not token.Equals(IntPtr.Zero) Then
        End If
    End Function

    Private Sub undoImpersonation()
    End Sub

End Class

Now the call from the code behind page

Dim impersonateUser As New UserImpersonation

impersonateUser.impersonateUser("username", "", "Password")

‘Code utilising impersonation, nothing special here just your code, I create folders here on the network share.


Now there is really one main line in the class file

LogonUserA(userName, domain, password, LOGON32_LOGON_NEW_CREDENTIALS, LOGON32_PROVIDER_WINNT50, token)

Now this is setup to work in my scenario of a server outside the domain, but it should also work in other scenarios you just have to configure the


Now I don;t specify a domain in the

impersonateUser.impersonateUser("username", "", "Password") call, this is show the account get authenticated locally on the webserver. But in a different scenario you may want to specify a domain.

OK thats it, as I have said I am not a developer (or class myself as one) so I may not have this fully correct, and if so I apologise just hope this gets someone up and running.

Now if only I could get NetUseAdd() working……